History Guild publishes articles that provide interesting insights into history. These articles cover military history from across the world.

Cretan Resistance During WW2

Cretan Resistance During WW2 Reading time: 9 minutes One of the more impressive feats of arms during the second World ...
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Project ‘44: Australia and future of Project ‘44

Project ‘44: Australia and future of Project ‘44 Reading time: 12 minutes The contribution of many countries to World War ...
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The Story of the M1 Garand: The Iconic and Influential World War 2 Weapon

The Story of the M1 Garand: The Iconic and Influential World War 2 Weapon Reading time: 7 minutes The world ...
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Twelve days at Anzac: the evacuation

TWELVE DAYS AT ANZAC: THE EVACUATION Reading time: 7 minutes Over one hundred years ago, one of the most remarkable ...
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In their own words: letters from ANZACs during the Gallipoli evacuation

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Just five days before Christmas, in the early hours of Monday December 20, 1915, the ...
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Who were we fighting at Gallipoli?

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes In the annual discussion of the Gallipoli campaign Australians are subjected to a variety of ...
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Lemnos and Gallipoli Revealed – Podcast

Over the course of 1915, most of the 50,000 Australian personnel who served at Gallipoli passed through the island of ...
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The Scrap Iron Flotilla – Australian Destroyers in the Mediterranean – Video

The Scrap Iron Flotilla - Australian Destroyers in the Mediterranean - Video To the Axis Powers, the Australian flotilla that fought ...
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AUSTRALIAN VC’S IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, WW2 – VIDEO

AUSTRALIAN VC’S IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, WW2 – VIDEO There were six Australian VC recipients during the Mediterranean and North African ...
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Fort Khiam, Syria. Australian troops

When Australia Fought France, WW2 – Video

When Australia Fought France, WW2 - Video Operation Exporter was a little known, but very important campaign for the Australian ...
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3 Squadron RAAF – Podcast

3 Squadron RAAF - Podcast As the Allied armies fought across North Africa, first against the Italians and then the ...
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Tobruk – Podcast

Tobruk - Podcast Tobruk was one of the greatest Allied victories – and one of the worst Allied defeats – ...
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Frederick Lanchester and why quantity has a quality all of its own

Frederick Lanchester and why quantity has a quality all of its own Reading time: 6 minutes FE2B Aircraft, WW1 In ...
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The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought

The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought Reading time: 10 minutes Wherever they fought in the Second World War, Australian troops ...
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What happened to the French army after Dunkirk

What happened to the French army after Dunkirk Reading time: 5 minutes French POWs being led away from the battlefield ...
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Second Battle of El Alamein: Australia Forces a Breach

Second Battle of El Alamein: Australia Forces a Breach Reading time: 9 minutes The battle of El Alamein in late ...
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North Africa in WW2: Total War with Honour?

North Africa in WW2: Total War with Honour? Reading time: 8 minutes The North African campaigns during the Second World ...
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Flying WW1 Aeroplanes

The War in the Skies: How The First World War Changed Aviation

THE WAR IN THE SKIES: HOW THE FIRST WORLD WAR CHANGED AVIATION Reading time: 6 minutes When the first world ...
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What lies behind the war in Tigray?

WHAT LIES BEHIND THE WAR IN TIGRAY? Reading time: 7 minutes Ethiopian soldiers in 2005 on a hilltop outpost overlooking ...
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Tongerlongeter — the Tasmanian resistance fighter we should remember as a war hero

TONGERLONGETER — THE TASMANIAN RESISTANCE FIGHTER WE SHOULD REMEMBER AS A WAR HERO Reading time: 3 minutes Australians love their ...
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Hard Fought: Australia In The Mediterranean Theatre 1940-1945 Conference

HARD FOUGHT: AUSTRALIA IN THE MEDITERRANEAN THEATRE 1940-1945 CONFERENCE Reading time: 3 minutes History Guild is supporting a conference examining ...
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Britain’s obsession with the second world war and the debates that fuel it

BRITAIN’S OBSESSION WITH THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE DEBATES THAT FUEL IT Reading time: 5 minutes The COVID-19 pandemic ...
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Sigulda Castle

Rewilding: lessons from the medieval Baltic crusades

REWILDING: LESSONS FROM THE MEDIEVAL BALTIC CRUSADES Reading time: 6 minutes The Forest of Białowieża, which straddles the border of ...
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In Appreciation of Schindler’s List

IN APPRECIATION OF SCHINDLER'S LIST Reading time: 7 minutes Revisiting Steven Spielberg's harrowing Holocaust drama on the 28th anniversary of ...
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The Beginning of the End: Napoleon’s Retreat from Russia

THE BEGINNING OF THE END: NAPOLEON’S RETREAT FROM RUSSIA Reading time: 6 minutes On 24 June 1812, Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte ...
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Domino Theory and U.S. Foreign Policy

DOMINO THEORY AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY When looking at the cold war and the way the United States went about ...
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NZ POWs being transported to Germany in 1943.

Escape from Greece

Escape from Greece Reading time: 19 minutes It began, as it sometimes does, with an old photograph. Three men dressed ...
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PEARL HARBOR AND AMERICA’s ENTRY TO WAR

PEARL HARBOR AND AMERICA'S ENTRY TO WAR The commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor also ...
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The Black War

THE BLACK WAR Reading time: 10 minutes Nicholas Clements’ The Black War sheds new light on the long and bloody ...
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How Cyprus Became Divided

HOW CYPRUS BECAME DIVIDED Reading time: 8 minutes Cyprus is a country that on paper is whole, but in reality ...
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First Battle of El Alamein: Australia Holds the Line

FIRST BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN: AUSTRALIA HOLDS THE LINE Reading time: 10 minutes The North African campaigns of WW2 were ...
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Dunkirk British soldier

Dunkirk: how British newspapers helped to turn defeat into a miracle

DUNKIRK: HOW BRITISH NEWSPAPERS HELPED TO TURN DEFEAT INTO A MIRACLE Reading time: 6 minutes Exhausted British troops on the ...
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1742 map of Berbice River with plantations.

Reckoning with slavery: What a revolt’s archives tell us about who owns the past

RECKONING WITH SLAVERY: WHAT A REVOLT’S ARCHIVES TELL US ABOUT WHO OWNS THE PAST Reading time: 6 minutes Statue of ...
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Losing the war in an afternoon: Jutland 1916

LOSING THE WAR IN AN AFTERNOON: JUTLAND 1916 Reading time: 15 minutes The Battle of Jutland. 1916 was the pivotal ...
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How a Cyprus Museum Uses Tech to Make the Past Come Alive

HOW A CYPRUS MUSEUM USES TECH TO MAKE THE PAST COME ALIVE What do you do when a building important ...
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The Anglo-Zanzibar War: The Shortest War in History

THE ANGLO-ZANZIBAR WAR: THE SHORTEST WAR IN HISTORY Reading time: 7 minutes The story of the shortest war in history ...
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The Battle of Greece – Australia’s Textbook Rear-Guard Action

THE BATTLE OF GREECE - AUSTRALIA’S TEXTBOOK REAR-GUARD ACTION Reading time: 13 minutes Retreat doesn’t always mean defeat, sometimes it ...
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Commonwealth troops captured on Crete

Escape from Greece – Podcast

ESCAPE FROM GREECE - PODCAST This podcast episode tells the story of Shanghai born John Robin Greaves, ‘Jack’, who emigrated ...
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The Australian Flying Corps, 1917–18

THE AUSTRALIAN FLYING CORPS, 1917–18 Reading time: 8 minutes By 1917, the men of the Australian Flying Corps’ No. 1 ...
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The fall of Singapore

THE FALL OF SINGAPORE Reading time: 14 minutes Japanese Soldiers enter Singapore. The Land Campaign Nothing in history is inevitable ...
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The USAAF 49th Fighter Group over Darwin: a forgotten campaign

Reading time: 4 minutes USAAF 49TH Fighter Group P-40 Kittyhawk Fighters. Darwin, 1942 The prelude to the campaign of the ...
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Book Review: ‘Pacific Crucible: war at sea in the Pacific 1941–42′

Reading time: 4 minutes With ANZUS in the news at the moment, this book is a good way to understand ...
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Australia’s Great War in the air

AUSTRALIA’S GREAT WAR IN THE AIR Reading time: 5 minutes In January 1911, the Australian government announced its intention to ...
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1917: our costliest year at war

1917: OUR COSTLIEST YEAR AT WAR Reading time: 5 minutes A century ago, in early 1917, Australian troops had already ...
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SIX of the best WORLD WAR II FILMS

SIX OF THE BEST WORLD WAR II FILMS World War II (1939-1945) was and remains the greatest conflict that humanity ...
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Walking with the Diggers

WALKING WITH THE DIGGERS Reading time: 5 minutes The Centenary Commemoration of the Great War continues to unearth real treasures ...
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The Coral Sea, 1942: a nation-saving battle

THE CORAL SEA, 1942: A NATION-SAVING BATTLE Reading time: 5 minutes The Battle of the Coral Sea isn’t as iconic ...
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AUSTRALIAN_FORCES_IN_LEBANON,_1941

Australia’s War with France

AUSTRALIA'S WAR WITH FRANCE Reading time: 12 minutes The Nahr al-Kalb, or ‘Dog River’, meets the Mediterranean Sea just north ...
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The German naval threat in the Indo-Pacific 1914–15

Reading time: 6 minutes British Navy officers approaching the wreck of the German Navy cruiser SMS Konigsberg in the Rufigi ...
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Gough’s remaking of Defence policy

Reading time: 4 minutes Gough Whitlam was a physical giant with an intellect to match. His flaws were pretty sizeable, ...
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Australia’s war with France: The Campaign in Syria and Lebanon, 1941 – Podcast

AUSTRALIA’S WAR WITH FRANCE: THE CAMPAIGN IN SYRIA AND LEBANON, 1941 - PODCAST Operation Exporter was a little known, but ...
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The Benghazi Handicap and the Siege of Tobruk

THE BENGHAZI HANDICAP AND THE SIEGE OF TOBRUK The Benghazi handicap is the name Australian soldiers gave to their race ...
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Warfare spurred on the welfare state in the 20th century – but it probably won’t in future

Reading time: 7 minutes A tank on its way to port for the Normandy landings in 1944. PA Archive The ...
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Spark to Powder: Prague and the Thirty Years’ War

Reading time: 6 minutes The 30 Years’ War is remembered by few people except historians, but the conflict, which raged ...
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Why we should remember the Battle of the Coral Sea

Reading time: 5 minutes The Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942 has become the touchstone for the Australian-American ...
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Early Raids Of the Pacific War

Reading time: 98 minutes Less than two months after the devastating surprise attack at Pearl Harbour, the US Navy was ...
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The Iranian Revolution

Reading time: 9 minutes To understand what caused the Iranian Revolution, we must first consider the ongoing conflict between proponents ...
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After Jutland: the North Sea operations of 18–19 August 1916

Reading time: 5 minutes HMAS Sydney at full speed in a heavy sea off Dogger Bank. AWM. One of the ...
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Remembering the bombing of Darwin

Reading time: 5 minutes The bombing of Darwin, 1942. If sometimes it seems that governments rush to appoint inquiries or ...
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The Franco-British Union: Genius, or Madness Born of Desperation?

Reading time: 6 minutes When crisis strikes, one imagines members of government or heads of state stoically dealing with the ...
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The evidence for the Tasmanian genocide

Reading time: 7 minutes At a public meeting in Hobart in the late 1830s, Solicitor-General Alfred Stephen, later Chief Justice ...
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51 years ago: Israel won an air battle, and lost the War of Attrition

The Israel Air Force drew the Soviet expeditionary force in Egypt into a perfect, successful ambush, but pride was the ...
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DISASTER AT SAVO ISLAND, 1942

Reading time: 50 minutes The Battle of Savo Island The Battle of Savo Island occurred early in the morning on ...
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Remembering the Victory at Bardia

Reading time: 8 minutes Just over 80 years ago, Australian forces fought their first major battle of World War II ...
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Scrap Iron Flotilla: The Royal Australian Navy at its Best

Reading time: 11 minutes To the Axis Powers, the Australian flotilla that fought in the Mediterranean during the Second World ...
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Five Great Historically Accurate Films: Part Three

Reading time: 6 minutes READ PART ONE AND PART TWO By Michael Vecchio Saving Private Ryan (1998) Dir. Steven Spielberg ...
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The Battle of Cape Spada: The Australian Navy Proves Its Mettle

THE BATTLE OF CAPE SPADA: THE AUSTRALIAN NAVY PROVES ITS METTLE Reading time: 9 minutes The Battle of Cape Spada ...
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Imperial Overconfidence: The Anglo-Zulu War

Reading time: 8 minutes For a fine example of overconfidence during the height of British Imperialism, look no further than ...
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A program for peace: The founding of the United Nations

Reading time: 6 minutes Achieving the elusive dream of “world peace”, has long been an idealist and collectivist goal for ...
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Venezuela’s Fight For Independence: The Battle of Carabobo

Reading time: 6 minutes This year marks the 200th anniversary of the battle of Carabobo, a major battle in Venezuela’s ...
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The Siege of Haarlem, Kenau, and Creating a Heroine

Reading time: 5 minutes The Dutch Revolt, the conflict that created an independent Netherlands free from Spain, also created a ...
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WERE SOVIET TANKS DEPLOYED IN EGYPT 50 YEARS AGO?

Reading time: 6 minutes On February 3, 2018, Russian Air Force Maj. Roman Filipov’s jet was shot down while attacking ...
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WA’s first governor James Stirling had links to slavery, as well as directing a massacre. Should he be honoured?

Reading time: 5 minutes Today, councillors in Perth’s City of Stirling will vote to decide whether to change their city’s ...
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The Cold War Ignites: The Berlin Blockade and Airlift

Reading time: 6 minutes Once the centre of Nazi ideology and power, the German capital of Berlin was extremely important ...
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Dutch Ships Sail Off a Rocky Shore

How War with Spain Created the Dutch Colonial Empire

Reading time: 8 minutes The Dutch colonial empire was a large collection of territories that spanned the globe from the ...
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Constructing Oppression: The Berlin Wall and the Literal Iron Curtain

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes 60 years after its initial construction, the memory of the Berlin Wall remains a potent ...
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The Two Countries That ‘Escaped’ The Scramble for Africa

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes The Scramble for Africa is often recognized as the beginning of colonialism and European Imperialism ...
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‘Cheese-eating surrender monkeys’? It’s time to give the French Army the credit it deserves

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes When marking the centenary of the terrible events of 1917, some of the most devastating ...
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Wounded Knee: Shame or Honour?

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes On 29 December 1890, between 150-300 Sioux Lakota men, women, and children, most of whom ...
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Africa’s World War: The Congo War

Africa’s World War: The Congo War Reading time: 5 minutes 5.4 million people died in the deadliest war in modern ...
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Brilliant and Flawed: The Enduring Legacy of Napoleon Bonaparte

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The 200th anniversary of his death (1821-2021) renews discussion on how the former Emperor should ...
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Hudson Bombers, 1SQN RAAF

Australia’s first action in the Pacific in World War II a valiant catastrophe

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Just before midnight on 7 December 1941, Flying Officer Peter Gibbes stepped off the train ...
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Leaving Afghanistan and why America doesn’t win wars

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Since World War II, the United States has lost just about every war that it ...
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‘I want to scream and scream’: Australian nurses on the Western Front were also victims of war

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The revival of interest in Anzac since the 1980s has depended in part on the ...
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Peter Weir’s Gallipoli 40 years on: deftly directed and still devastating

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes With the release of the first-world-war film Gallipoli in 1981, director Peter Weir could finally ...
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How The Napoleonic Wars Entrenched British Rule In 19th Century South Africa

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The battles between Britain and France following the French Revolution and into the Napoleonic Wars ...
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Who will have us? Jewish Refugees before WW2

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The plight of Jewish refugees after the outbreak of World War II in 1939 is ...
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Hero and Villain: Robert Clive of the East India Company

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes Robert Clive, a general of the East India Company, was despised by his contemporaries – ...
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Northern Ireland, born of strife 100 years ago, again erupts in political violence

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes Sectarian rioting has returned to the streets of Northern Ireland, just weeks shy of its ...
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Taking back the Homeland – Ethiopian Guerrillas in World War II

Reading time: 6 minutes Guerrilla warfare played a huge role in World War II. Partisans in France, Yugoslavia, the Eastern ...
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Highland Clearances: Changing a Culture

HIGHLAND CLEARANCES: CHANGING A CULTURE Reading time: 5 minutes Cultures, customs and traditions change as time passes on, but sometimes ...
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Hubris and Miscalculation: The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion

HUBRIS AND MISCALCULATION: THE FAILURE OF THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Michael Vecchio The ...
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Could the Charge of the Light Brigade have worked?

COULD THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE HAVE WORKED? Reading time: 6 minutes Middle East tensions. Russian soldiers in Crimea ...
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Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg Gate (Image)

Remembering Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg

REMEMBERING SACHSENHAUSEN-ORANIENBURG Estimated reading time: 3 minutes By Rachel Horne. 35 kilometres north of Berlin, you will find the Nazi ...
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Battle Plan of Operation Sea Lion (Map)

Deceptive Ineptitude: German Spies in WW2 Britain

DECEPTIVE INEPTITUDE: GERMAN SPIES IN WW2 BRITAIN Estimated reading time: 6 minutes Operation Lena, the German espionage operation in Britain, ...
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The Somme: The German perspective

Estimated reading time: 7 minutes By Dr Robert T. Foley. How do Germans view the Battle of The Somme? This ...
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First World War, tableau, men, uniform, woods, fun Fortepan 25063.jpg

The Long Tail of the First World War

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes Fallen Empires and Civil War By Caitlan Hester The popular view of the First World ...
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Jutland: Why World War I’s only sea battle was so crucial to Britain’s victory

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes By Andrew Lambert, King's College London. Modern understanding of World War I is dominated by ...
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Blood and Pepper: The Aceh Wars

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The history of the Dutch East Indies is a blood-soaked tale of war and subjugation ...
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How the National Guard became the go-to military force for riots and civil disturbances

Reading time: 6 minutes The Pentagon has approved leaving 5,000 troops deployed indefinitely to protect the U.S. Capitol from domestic ...
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It’s time for a new museum dedicated to the fighters of the frontier wars

Estimated reading time: 19 minutes Historical research of the last 20 years has confirmed the central importance of the killing ...
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Rising Sun, Complacent Bear: The Russo-Japanese War

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes The Russo-Japanese War resulted in one of Russia’s greatest military upsets, and one of Japan’s ...
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A short, sharp history of the bayonet

Estimated reading time: 14 minutes By Peter Monteath, Flinders University. Even the sound of a bayonet could be frightening. The ...
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Battle of 42nd Street – Anzacs Proving Germany Could be Beaten

Reading time: 5 minutes Morale can make all the difference on the battlefield. On the 27th May 1941, with the ...
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Why the Legions Beat the Phalanx

Estimated reading time: 8 minutes The societies of ancient Greece and Rome valued brawn as well as brains. Philosophers fulfilled ...
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Quantity Becomes a Quality All of Its Own

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes In the history of warfare, there have been mismatched conflicts where skilled forces have been ...
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The Battle of Kadesh and the World’s First Peace Treaty

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes For a shining example of ancient warfare and the cause of the world's first recorded ...
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The Battle for Hong Kong – London’s Lost Cause?

Reading time: 6 minutes Within 12 hours of Pearl Harbour being bombed by the Japanese at the outset of their ...
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Fake News, Misinformation and Propaganda Throughout History

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Madison Moulton Fake news has become a popular buzzword. However, the phenomenon is not ...
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Neutrality At All Costs: The Netherlands in WW1

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Fergus O'Sullivan World War 1 was a conflict that engulfed entire continents and swallowed ...
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Explainer: what is radiocarbon dating and how does it work?

Rachel Wood, Australian National University Radiocarbon dating has transformed our understanding of the past 50,000 years. Professor Willard Libby produced ...
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Best Historical Films 2010-2020

There may be many historically based films, but only a few can be rightfully called striking, emotional, and informative. As ...
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A Period of Change: Global Events in the Lead Up to WWI

Reading time: 6 minutes The history of the lead up to WWI is undoubtedly dominated by Europe. European powers understandably ...
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The History of Games: Rome 2

By Fergus O'Sullivan. Here at the History Guild we like video games, especially ones with a historical setting. Of course, ...
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Five Great Historically Accurate Films

By Michael Vecchio. Most history enthusiasts will eye the release of a new film on a historical topic somewhat sceptically, ...
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Five of the Most Historically Accurate PC Games

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Plenty of video games are marketed as being historically accurate, but few truly are. In ...
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‘Australia’s smallest peacekeeping force’ in the unknown prelude to the Korean War

Reading time: 4 minutes In the years leading up to the Korean War, the two future combatants were already fighting ...
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Battle of One Tree Hill, Australian Frontier Wars

Battle of One Tree Hill, Australian Frontier Wars Reading time: 7 minutes The Battle of One Tree Hill in 1843 ...
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Military Marine Mammals

It has recently emerged that the Russian Navy used specially trained marine mammals, probably seals, for harbour defence in Syria ...
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Nike Missile Site, San Francisco

The Nike missile was one of the first successful anti-aircraft missiles, developed by Bell Labs and put into service by ...
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Defences of Australia – 19th Century

Modern Australia is relatively unique in it's position occupying an entire continent, having no land borders with another country. While ...
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