History Guild publishes articles that provide interesting insights into history. These articles cover military history from across the world.

Smoking Snakes: Brazil’s Forgotten WW2 Fighting Men

Reading time: 12 minutes In November 1944, the Allied campaign to liberate Italy was already well into its second year ...
operation thunderbolt book cover

OPERATION THUNDERBOLT – BOOK REVIEW

Operation Thunderbolt: Flight 139 and the Raid on Entebbe Airport, The Most Audacious Hostage Rescue Mission in History, by Saul ...

HMAS Nestor: The remarkable tale of an Australian destroyer

Reading time: 16 minutes A convoy of 11 merchant ships escorted by 56 warships and submarines was making its way ...

The Blue Division: Franco’s Soldiers on the Eastern Front

Reading time: 12 minutes From 1939 to 1945, scarcely one of the 99 countries on Earth went untouched. Just 14 ...

The forgotten female soldiers who fought long ago – and why their stories matter today

Reading time: 13 minutes On the Swedish island of Björkö lie the remains of Birka, a significant Viking trading post ...

The Curious Creation of the Crusader States

Reading time: 7 minutes A major holy land for three of the world’s largest, most influential religions of Judaism, Christianity, ...

Virginia Hall, SOE Agent to CIA Pioneer

Reading time: 9 minutes Virginia Hall (1906–1982) was an American woman who served with the British Special Operations Executive in ...
eric lee night of the bayonets book cover

NIGHT OF THE BAYONETS: THE TEXEL UPRISING AND HITLER’S REVENGE, APRIL-MAY 1945 by Eric Lee– BOOK REVIEW

Reading time: 2 minutes In the final days of World War II in Europe, Georgians serving in the Wehrmacht on ...

In The Australian Wars, Rachel Perkins dispenses with the myth Aboriginal people didn’t fight back

Reading time: 5 minutes First Nations people please be advised this article mentions colonial violence towards Aboriginal and Torres Strait ...

THE FORGOTTEN WAR CRIMES OF FASCIST ITALY

Reading time: 14 minutes In just five short years, the combined forces of the Axis powers managed to commit atrocities ...

Earning the Enemy’s Respect: Victoria Cross Recommendations from the Other Side

Reading time: 6 minutes Many readers will be familiar with the 1964 epic movie Zulu, which depicts the 1879 landmark ...

Why Aboriginal Australian ‘Ununiformed Warriors’ Qualify for the Australian War Memorial

Reading time: 5 minutes Last year, chair of the Australian War Memorial Kim Beazley called for First Nations “guerilla campaigns” ...

Annexation or Liberation? India, Portgual, and Goa: 1961

Reading time: 10 minutes On 18th July 1947, British rule in India came to an end, closing a 300-year old ...

Shipwrecks of the Manila Galleons

Reading time: 8 minutes Huge ships filled with canons, gold, porcelain, silk, and other riches from Asia, the Manila Galleons ...

History’s Greatest Nicknames

Reading time: 7 minutes A browse through any military history book will no doubt bring up titles of famous officers, ...

COURAGE AND COMPASSION: A STRETCHER-BEARER’S JOURNEY FROM NO-MAN’S LAND AND BEYOND – BOOK REVIEW

Reading time: 1 minute His is the true story of a young Australian soldier whose life of opportunity was challenged ...

“Homosexuals Are Not Cowards”: The Legacy of Willem Arondeus

Reading time: 6 minutes Dutch artist and author Willem Arondeus’ life had always been fraught with insecurity. Despite the modest ...

Australian Ace Bobby Gibbes’ Desert War – Video

Bobby Gibbes commanded No. 3 Squadron RAAF during the crucial desert battles of 1942-43, including the battles of El Alamein ...

How They Fought: Indigenous Tactics and Weaponry of Australia’s Frontier Wars – Book Review

Reading time: 3 minutes This is an excellent and much needed book. It examines the military aspects of the Australian ...

Lieutenant Martin Monti, the Only American Defector to the Waffen-SS

Reading time: 1 minute On May 8, 1945, a battered, broken Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allied armies which had ...

Why Oliver Cromwell may have been Britain’s greatest ever general – new analysis of battle reports

Reading time: 6 minutes The battle of Worcester was Oliver Cromwell’s greatest triumph. It was the culmination of a campaign ...

Richard O’Connor and Operation Compass: Britain’s Comeback in the Desert

Reading time: 8 minutes Early in the Second World War, when Britain’s empire stood alone, one man was responsible for ...

Ireland and the Battle of The Somme

Reading time: 8 minutes Why does the Battle of The Somme still matter so much in Ireland, for both the ...

The debate on the origins of the First World War

Reading time: 5 minutes The way historians have viewed the causes of WWI has changed in the hundred years since ...

Fear Was Not in My Dictionary: The Revolutionary Work of Sara Fortis

Reading time: 6 minutes When the small Greek town of Kuturla burned in 1943, teenage Sara Fortis had been on ...

Forgotten: Britain’s civilian mass prison camps from World War I

Reading time: 6 minutes The German-Jewish painter and writer Paul Cohen-Portheim had spent a peaceful summer in 1914 visiting friends ...
Black and white photo of French troops in a German town.

The Saar Offensive 1939: When France invaded Germany

Reading time: 7 minutes In September 1939, as German armies overran large swathes of Poland far to the east, the ...

A new narrative unfolds about South Africa’s protracted war in Angola

Reading time: 5 minutes The book A Far-Away War: Angola 1975 - 1989, about the war waged by apartheid South ...

Game Of Dominoes: Australia’s Security And The Cold War 1947-1991 Conference

Two-Day Conference – 13th & 14th APRIL 2024 - Melbourne This conference, organised by Military History & Heritage Victoria and ...

How German PoWs staged their greatest World War I escape from a camp now part of a British university

Reading time: 5 minutes Today, Sutton Bonington campus, part of the University of Nottingham, houses the schools of bioscience and ...

Black GIs arrive in Britain

Reading time: 13 minutes In this blog post I’m going to draw on the Cabinet Papers to explore the British ...

Unsung Heroes: Women’s Role in the Agricultural Revolution

Unearthed secrets from 7,000 years ago highlight prehistoric women as the heroines who dug deep--quite literally, to plant the seeds ...

African-American GIs of WWII: Fighting for democracy abroad and at home

Reading time: 7 minutes Until the 21st century, the contributions of African-American soldiers in World War II barely registered in ...

Putin’s failure to learn from history has led to Russian quagmire in Ukraine

Reading time: 4 minutes As the Russo-Ukraine conflict continues with no resolution in sight, we are painfully reminded of not ...

Auxiliary power: in wartime, Australian women fought germs, fired shells – and took on gender norms

Reading time: 5 minutes Sheila Sibley enlisted in the Australian Army in 1942 with a vision of becoming a wartime ...

Black soldiers and the Red Ball Express during World War II

Reading time: 6 minutes Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower had a problem. In June 1944, Allied forces had landed on Normandy ...

Damien Parer, Australia’s Iconic WW2 Photographer – Podcast

This podcast episode by Warwick O’Neill from the Australian Military History podcast tells the incredible story of Australian photographer Damien ...

Remember El Alamein

Reading time: 5 minutes Over 80 years ago Australians dressed in steel helmets and khaki shorts, and often not much ...

Treason against the state: America declares independence

Reading time: 6 minutes This is the second part of a two-blog series exploring treason against the state, as used ...

How a third-century Roman soldier named Carausius was behind the first ‘Brexit’

Reading time: 5 minutes From the first to the fifth centuries AD, Britain – though not officially Scotland, which lay ...

Tales from the Special Operations Executive: Operation Remorse

Reading time: 5 minutes It was ‘the biggest currency black market in history’, a secret operation under the auspices of ...

First World War ambulance trains

Reading time: 6 minutes The railways, and the men and women who worked on them, made a significant and varied ...

Ukraine war: how Gorbachev’s 1987 INF missile treaty has limited the arsenal available to Putin

Reading time: 4 minutes Thanks to the final Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who has died aged 91, a disarmament treaty ...

Maths swayed the Battle of Jutland – and helped Britain keep control of the seas

Reading time: 5 minutes If you’re about to fight a battle, would you rather have a larger fleet, or a ...

The story of HMT Empire Windrush (1930–1954)

Reading time: 5 minutes Next June will mark the 75th anniversary of the arrival of HMT Empire Windrush at Tilbury ...

Home Made Wings – Australian Military Aircraft Manufacturing – Video

This documentary explores the history of Australian military aircraft manufacturing. Australia had just completed its industrialisation in 1939, becoming a ...

The original kamikaze: Kublai Khan’s invasion shipwreck found?

Reading time: 4 minutes Archaeologists from the University of the Ryukyus in Japan have discovered part of a 13th century ...

The Chipilly Six by Lucas Jordan – Capturing the Australian military spirit at its best

Reading time: 6 minutes Jordan tells the story of ‘extraordinary men in extraordinary times’, a group of six Australian soldiers ...

Have humans always gone to war?

Reading time: 5 minutes The question of whether warfare is encoded in our genes, or appeared as a result of ...

Pickett’s Charge: What modern mathematics teaches us about Civil War battle

Reading time: 5 minutes The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the American Civil War, and Gen. George ...

Black troops were welcome in Britain, but Jim Crow wasn’t: the race riot of one night in June 1943

Reading time: 6 minutes Bullet holes found in the wood surrounds of the NatWest Bank in Bamber Bridge, in Lancashire ...

Remembering Long Tan: Australian army operations in South Vietnam 1966–1971

Reading time: 5 minutes The anniversary of Long Tan reminds most Australians that despite winning that iconic high intensity battle, ...

How the Coastwatchers Turned the Tide of the Pacific War

Reading time: 10 minutes Australian Coastwatchers brought the tide of Japanese invasive successes to a shuddering halt when two coastwatchers ...

What happens now we’ve found the site of the lost Australian freighter SS Iron Crown, sunk in WWII

Reading time: 6 minutes Finding shipwrecks isn’t easy – it’s a combination of survivor reports, excellent archival research, a highly ...

The Cowra breakout: remembering and reflecting on Australia’s biggest prison escape

Reading time: 8 minutes Today (August 5) marks the 81st anniversary of Australia’s largest prison escape: the Cowra breakout, in New ...

A World War II battle holds key lessons for modern warfare

Reading time: 6 minutes Between Aug. 7, 1942, and Feb. 9, 1943, U.S. forces sought to capture – and then ...

Spain’s Civil War and the Americans who fought in it: a convoluted legacy

Reading time: 9 minutes Eighty seven years ago this week, in the Spanish North African enclave of Melilla, a group ...

The Christmas truce, 1914

Reading time: 7 minutes The Christmas truce of 1914 will generally conjure up images of opposing British and German soldiers ...

Eaten By Moths Defending The Defence Reserves 1970-2020 – Online Zoom Event

Wednesday 12 July 2023 7:00PM-8:00PM (Australian Eastern Standard Time) Speaker: Dr Andrew Kilsby Part-time service with the militia and then ...

Rediscovering a ‘lost’ Roman frontier from the air

Reading time: 5 minutes Frontiers like Hadrian’s Wall are central to the study of the Roman Empire. By now we ...

Report from 1945 holds lessons for defence strategic review team

Reading time: 4 minutes What defence forces should Australia maintain at a time of strategic uncertainty and rapid technological change? ...

The USAAF 49th Fighter Group over Darwin: a forgotten campaign – Video

USAAF 49TH Fighter Group P-40 Kittyhawk Fighters. Darwin, 1942 The prelude to the campaign of the 49th Fighter Group covers ...
Hudson Bombers, 1SQN RAAF

Australia’s first action in the Pacific in World War II a valiant catastrophe – Video

Just before midnight on 7 December 1941, Flying Officer Peter Gibbes stepped off the train at Kota Bharu on the ...

D-Day succeeded thanks to an ingenious design called the Mulberry Harbours

Reading time: 4 minutes When Allied troops stormed the beaches at Normandy, France on June 6, 1944 – a bold invasion of ...

The changing lessons of Vietnam

Reading time: 5 minutes The national effort at remembering should also revisit a series of 50-year anniversaries for Australia’s entry ...

How World War II spurred vaccine innovation

Reading time: 7 minutes War and disease have marched arm in arm for centuries. Wars magnify the spread and severity ...

America Fought Its Own Battle Over Books Before it Fought the Nazis

Reading time: 7 minutes When United States servicemen stormed the beaches in Normandy, most of them had an essential item ...

The other assassination of November 1963

Reading time: 5 minutes If you weren’t living as a hermit in the desert, you’d have been well aware that ...

‘Excessive severity’: Treason and the Grenadian Rebellion of 1795

Reading time: 9 minutes Late in the night of 2 March 1795, a rebellion broke out on the Caribbean island ...

Australia and the Vietnam War: Looking Back

Reading time: 10 minutes The period from the Tet offensive of early 1968 to the Moratorium demonstration of May 1970 ...

PUTIN’S PAST: The Return of Ideological History and the Strongman

Reading time: 8 minutes From Russian Constitutional Court chairman Valery Zorkin, to former Russian culture minister Vladimir Medinsky, to presidential ...

German spies in South Africa during WWII – The enemy within

Reading time: 5 minutes The story of the intelligence war in South Africa during the Second World War is one ...

The absurd irony of Putin’s invocation of Stalingrad

Reading time: 5 minutes Russian President Vladimir Putin’s address in Volgograd on 2 February, in which he sought to draw ...

The debate on the origins of the First World War

Reading time: 5 minutes The way historians have viewed the causes of WWI has changed in the hundred years since ...

Ukraine: why supply of US and German tanks echoes cold war

Reading time: 5 minutes The decision that Germany and the US will allow the export of M1 Abrams and Leopard ...

‘Vietnam vanguard’—a unit history of lasting value

Reading time: 5 minutes Unit histories are usually written mainly for members of the unit and their descendants: only a ...

The role of Australian industrial power in the defeat of Japan in World War II

Reading time: 7 minutes Questions remain about what stopped the Japanese from invading Australia, and how it was that many ...

What Vietnam and Iraq should teach Canberra

Reading time: 7 minutes If we learn more from losses than wins, then the Canberra system has much to gain ...

What was The Schlieffen Plan?

Reading time: 5 minutes France to the west, Russia to the east; Germany had a strategic plan to prevent full-scale ...

Australia, Indonesia and Confrontation

Reading time: 5 minutes Perhaps an old-fashioned diplomatic historian might add to the valuable comments by Peter Jennings, Peter McCawley ...

Armenia-Azerbaijan: an intermittent war as a way of life

Reading time: 5 minutes Clashes in the border territories between Armenia and Azerbaijan around Nagorno-Karabakh have recurred in recent times, ...

Left to ruin: we must preserve our forgotten wartime defences

Reading time: 5 minutes Australia built a number of coastal defences to help protect the country from any enemy attack ...

Protecting country: Indigenous Australians in the defence of the north

Reading time: 5 minutes Notions of ‘protecting country’ have, anecdotally at least, been a key motivation for Indigenous people to ...

Sino-Vietnamese War

Reading time: 6 minutes The Sino-Vietnamese war was a short, nasty conflict fought between China and Vietnam in early 1979 ...

Women in the Second World War: Military service in East Africa

Reading time: 8 minutes Hundreds of women served with the British Army in East Africa, and their role in the ...

Reg Saunders, Australia’s first Aboriginal commissioned officer – Podcast

This podcast episode is by Warwick O’Neill from the Australian Military History podcast, which has an excellent range of podcast ...

America’s Favourite Fighting Frenchman: Marquis de Lafayette

Reading time: 8 minutes Hamilton: An American Musical by Lin-Manuel Miranda remains one of the best Broadway musicals of all ...

From the bookshelf: ‘The Scrap Iron Flotilla’

Reading time: 4 minutes Mike Carlton has emerged as a gifted historian of Australia’s outstanding naval contributions in two world ...

The Woman King is more than an action movie – it shines a light on the women warriors of Benin

Reading time: 6 minutes The Woman King is a big-budget Hollywood movie that has been anticipated since 2018, when US ...

The Battle of the Beachheads – Podcasts

These podcast episodes by Warwick O’Neill from the Australian Military History podcast was commissioned by History Guild as part of ...

The horse bit and bridle kicked off ancient empires – a new giant dataset tracks the societal factors that drove military technology

Reading time: 7 minutes Starting around 3,000 years ago, a wave of innovation began to sweep through human societies around ...

A TALE OF REMEMBRANCE, ADMONITION, AND DESPAIR: ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT

Reading time: 5 minutes The vivid and graphic imagery of the First World War has indeed become a potent symbol ...

The UN’s Greatest Peacekeeper, Lieutenant General Robert Harold Nimmo CBE – Podcast

An Australian Staff Officer who served his nation for 54 years from 1912 to 1966. Robert Nimmo was in the ...

Battle of Stonne, France 1940

Reading time: 5 minutes The battle for France in 1940 is often portrayed as a rout: the German Wehrmacht simply ...

The Onna-Musha: Japan’s Fearsome Warrior Women 

Reading time: 6 minutes In pre-modern Japan, there existed a group of samurai warriors that defy the modern worldview of ...

The Scrap Iron Captain: Hector Waller DSO and Bar – Podcast

While serving within the Royal Australian Navy as a Signals Officer, Captain Hector MacDonald Laws Waller served with distinction aboard ...

Jamaica’s Morant Bay Rebellion and it’s brutal repression

Reading time: 11 minutes On 12 October 1865, John Davidson, a magistrate in the east of Jamaica, wrote to the ...

Siege warfare, polygamy and sacrilege: meet history’s most outrageous king, Demetrius the Besieger

Reading time: 5 minutes Alexander the Great was a successful conqueror, but a poor planner. He died without an acceptable ...

Recognising the warriors

Reading time: 7 minutes First Nations people please be advised this article speaks of racially discriminating moments in history, including ...

How the Peace of Westphalia Shaped Europe

Reading time: 5 minutes The Peace of Westphalia, sometimes known as the treaty of Westphalia, is the collective name for ...

Japan’s Pacific War – Podcast

This podcast episode was commissioned by History Guild as part of our support of THE BLOODY BEACHHEADS: THE BATTLES OF ...

The Australians who Captured Rommel’s Intelligence Unit, Company 621

Reading time: 5 minutes Though the North African campaigns of World War 2 have a reputation for mainly being fought ...

Women in the Second World War: The Palestinian Auxiliary Territorial Service

Reading time: 8 minutes As the women’s branch of the British Army during the Second World War, the Auxiliary Territorial ...

Saint Olga of Kyiv is Ukraine’s patron saint of both defiance and vengeance

Reading time: 5 minutes Ukrainians are used to adversity and they have a special medieval role model who personifies their ...

How the British navy hid the heroic voyage of crippled second world war submarine HMS Triumph

Reading time: 5 minutes In September 1941 the British press enthralled its readers with a story of naval heroism that ...

The Bloody Beachheads: The Battles Of Gona, Buna And Sanananda – One Day Conference

November 12 @ 8:30 am - 4:30 pm at the East Malvern RSL, Melbourne Register Here The Battle of the ...

Why Gorbachev’s legacy still threatens Putin

Reading time: 5 minutes Little remains of the legacy of Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader and one of the ...

How the Thirty Years War Affected Germany

Reading time: 4 minutes The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) was a brutal conflict that saw most major European powers use ...

Vital Hasson, the Jew who worked for the Nazis, hunted down refugees and tore apart families in WWII Greece

Vital Hasson, the Jew who worked for the Nazis, hunted down refugees and tore apart families in WWII Greece Reading time: ...

The R1 – South African Bush Rifle

The R1 - South African Bush Rifle Reading time: 9 minutes In the wake of the rise of the Soviet ...

How the Thirty Years’ War Weakened Spain

How the Thirty Years' War Weakened Spain Reading time: 5 minutes The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) wasn’t a conflict as ...

Blimp Vs U-Boat, WW2 – Video

Blimp Vs U-Boat, WW2 - Video In July 1943 one of the most remarkable duels of the battle of the ...

The Story of the AK-47: The World’s Most Famous and Deadliest Rifle

Reading time: 7 minutes The AK-47 is perhaps one of the most recognizable automatic rifles in the world. This simple ...

Broodseinde Ridge – Podcast

Broodseinde Ridge - Podcast On the back of the victories of Menin Road and Polygon Wood, the 1st Anzac Corps ...

Polygon Wood – Podcast

Polygon Wood - Podcast Following on from the success of the Battle of Menin Road, the 4th and 5th Australian ...

HISTORY AT WEST POINT: TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING TO FUTURE ARMY OFFICERS

HISTORY AT WEST POINT: TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING TO FUTURE ARMY OFFICERS Reading time: 8 minutes A visit to the United ...

Menin Road – Podcast

Menin Road - Podcast In 1917, General Haig began what would become known as the Third Battle of Ypres, with ...

How Did Sweden Join the Thirty Years War? 

The Thirty Years War was a whirlwind in the centre of Europe that at some point between 1618 and 1648 ...

A Cuban Catastrophe: The Bay of Pigs Invasion

Reading time: 11 minutes The 1959 Cuban Revolution resulted in rule by a communist regime under Fidel Castro. This period ...

Women in the Second World War: The sinking of SS Khedive Ismail

Women in the Second World War: The sinking of SS Khedive Ismail Reading time: 7 minutes On the afternoon of ...

Finding ‘Forgotten’ Allies

Reading time: 7 minutes Although it is difficult to calculate exactly how many Burmese personnel were recruited by SOE for ...

History is Complicated – SOE in Burma

History is Complicated - SOE in Burma Reading time: 7 minutes It was estimated by Force 136 that they recruited ...

Australians in the Mediterranean during WW2 eBook

Thousands of Australian soldiers saw combat in a series of battles in the Mediterranean and North Africa. Their service is ...

X Troop – The Secret Jewish Commandos of WWII

X Troop: Image courtesy of Times Magazine. Reading time: 8 minutes When we hear ‘Jewish’ and ‘World War II’ in ...

39th Militia Battalion and the Kokoda Track – Part 2

Preparations for the recapture of Kokoda Reading time: 10 minutes By Warwick O'Neill Read Part 1 of the 39th Battalion’s ...

The Battle of Crete, WW2 – Video

The Battle of Crete, WW2 - Video The Battle of Crete saw around 40,000 Allied troops, including over 6,500 Australians, ...

39th Battalion at Kokoda – Part 1

The Militia and the AIF Reading time: 10 minutes By Warwick O'Neill Imagine you’re a young 20 year old bloke ...

Ruin Ridge – Podcast

Ruin Ridge - Podcast During the 1st Battle of El Alamein the 9th Australian Division was tasked with the capture ...

6th Australian Cavalry Reg in the Mediterranean, WW2 – Video

6th Australian Cavalry Reg in the Mediterranean, WW2 - Video The 6th Australian Cavalry Regiment were the first unit of ...

Cretan Resistance During WW2

Cretan Resistance During WW2 Reading time: 9 minutes One of the more impressive feats of arms during the second World ...

Project ‘44: Australia and future of Project ‘44

Project ‘44: Australia and future of Project ‘44 Reading time: 12 minutes The contribution of many countries to World War ...

The Story of the M1 Garand: The Iconic and Influential World War 2 Weapon

The Story of the M1 Garand: The Iconic and Influential World War 2 Weapon Reading time: 7 minutes The world ...

Twelve days at Anzac: the evacuation

TWELVE DAYS AT ANZAC: THE EVACUATION Reading time: 7 minutes Over one hundred years ago, one of the most remarkable ...

In their own words: letters from ANZACs during the Gallipoli evacuation

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Just five days before Christmas, in the early hours of Monday December 20, 1915, the ...

Who were we fighting at Gallipoli?

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes In the annual discussion of the Gallipoli campaign Australians are subjected to a variety of ...

Lemnos and Gallipoli Revealed – Podcast

Over the course of 1915, most of the 50,000 Australian personnel who served at Gallipoli passed through the island of ...

The Scrap Iron Flotilla – Australian Destroyers in the Mediterranean – Video

The Scrap Iron Flotilla - Australian Destroyers in the Mediterranean - Video To the Axis Powers, the Australian flotilla that fought ...

Australian VC’s in the Mediterranean, WW2 – Video

Australian VC's in the Mediterranean, WW2 - Video There were six Australian VC recipients during the Mediterranean and North African ...
Fort Khiam, Syria. Australian troops

When Australia Fought France, WW2 – Video

When Australia Fought France, WW2 - Video Operation Exporter was a little known, but very important campaign for the Australian ...

3 Squadron RAAF – Podcast

3 Squadron RAAF - Podcast As the Allied armies fought across North Africa, first against the Italians and then the ...

Tobruk – Podcast

Tobruk - Podcast Tobruk was one of the greatest Allied victories – and one of the worst Allied defeats – ...

Frederick Lanchester and why quantity has a quality all of its own

Frederick Lanchester and why quantity has a quality all of its own Reading time: 6 minutes FE2B Aircraft, WW1 In ...

The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought

The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought Reading time: 10 minutes Wherever they fought in the Second World War, Australian troops ...

What happened to the French army after Dunkirk

What happened to the French army after Dunkirk Reading time: 5 minutes French POWs being led away from the battlefield ...

Second Battle of El Alamein: Australia Forces a Breach

Second Battle of El Alamein: Australia Forces a Breach Reading time: 9 minutes The battle of El Alamein in late ...

North Africa in WW2: Total War with Honour?

North Africa in WW2: Total War with Honour? Reading time: 8 minutes The North African campaigns during the Second World ...
Flying WW1 Aeroplanes

The War in the Skies: How The First World War Changed Aviation

THE WAR IN THE SKIES: HOW THE FIRST WORLD WAR CHANGED AVIATION Reading time: 6 minutes When the first world ...

What lies behind the war in Tigray?

WHAT LIES BEHIND THE WAR IN TIGRAY? Reading time: 7 minutes Ethiopian soldiers in 2005 on a hilltop outpost overlooking ...

Tongerlongeter — the Tasmanian resistance fighter we should remember as a war hero

TONGERLONGETER — THE TASMANIAN RESISTANCE FIGHTER WE SHOULD REMEMBER AS A WAR HERO Reading time: 3 minutes Australians love their ...

Hard Fought: Australia In The Mediterranean Theatre 1940-1945 Conference

HARD FOUGHT: AUSTRALIA IN THE MEDITERRANEAN THEATRE 1940-1945 CONFERENCE Reading time: 2 minutes History Guild is supporting a conference examining ...

Britain’s obsession with the second world war and the debates that fuel it

BRITAIN’S OBSESSION WITH THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE DEBATES THAT FUEL IT Reading time: 5 minutes The COVID-19 pandemic ...
Sigulda Castle

Rewilding: lessons from the medieval Baltic crusades

REWILDING: LESSONS FROM THE MEDIEVAL BALTIC CRUSADES Reading time: 6 minutes The Forest of Białowieża, which straddles the border of ...

In Appreciation of Schindler’s List

IN APPRECIATION OF SCHINDLER'S LIST Reading time: 7 minutes Revisiting Steven Spielberg's harrowing Holocaust drama on the 28th anniversary of ...

The Beginning of the End: Napoleon’s Retreat from Russia

THE BEGINNING OF THE END: NAPOLEON’S RETREAT FROM RUSSIA Reading time: 6 minutes On 24 June 1812, Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte ...

Domino Theory and U.S. Foreign Policy

DOMINO THEORY AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY When looking at the cold war and the way the United States went about ...
NZ POWs being transported to Germany in 1943.

Escape from Greece

Escape from Greece Reading time: 19 minutes It began, as it sometimes does, with an old photograph. Three men dressed ...

PEARL HARBOR AND AMERICA’s ENTRY TO WAR

PEARL HARBOR AND AMERICA'S ENTRY TO WAR The commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor also ...

The Black War

THE BLACK WAR Reading time: 10 minutes Nicholas Clements’ The Black War sheds new light on the long and bloody ...

How Cyprus Became Divided

HOW CYPRUS BECAME DIVIDED Reading time: 8 minutes Cyprus is a country that on paper is whole, but in reality ...

First Battle of El Alamein: Australia Holds the Line

FIRST BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN: AUSTRALIA HOLDS THE LINE Reading time: 10 minutes The North African campaigns of WW2 were ...
Dunkirk British soldier

Dunkirk: how British newspapers helped to turn defeat into a miracle

DUNKIRK: HOW BRITISH NEWSPAPERS HELPED TO TURN DEFEAT INTO A MIRACLE Reading time: 6 minutes Exhausted British troops on the ...
1742 map of Berbice River with plantations.

Reckoning with slavery: What a revolt’s archives tell us about who owns the past

RECKONING WITH SLAVERY: WHAT A REVOLT’S ARCHIVES TELL US ABOUT WHO OWNS THE PAST Reading time: 6 minutes Statue of ...

Losing the war in an afternoon: Jutland 1916

LOSING THE WAR IN AN AFTERNOON: JUTLAND 1916 Reading time: 15 minutes The Battle of Jutland. 1916 was the pivotal ...

How a Cyprus Museum Uses Tech to Make the Past Come Alive

HOW A CYPRUS MUSEUM USES TECH TO MAKE THE PAST COME ALIVE What do you do when a building important ...

The Anglo-Zanzibar War: The Shortest War in History

THE ANGLO-ZANZIBAR WAR: THE SHORTEST WAR IN HISTORY Reading time: 7 minutes The story of the shortest war in history ...

The Battle of Greece – Australia’s Textbook Rear-Guard Action

THE BATTLE OF GREECE - AUSTRALIA’S TEXTBOOK REAR-GUARD ACTION Reading time: 13 minutes Retreat doesn’t always mean defeat, sometimes it ...
Commonwealth troops captured on Crete

Escape from Greece – Podcast

ESCAPE FROM GREECE - PODCAST This podcast episode tells the story of Shanghai born John Robin Greaves, ‘Jack’, who emigrated ...

The Australian Flying Corps, 1917–18

THE AUSTRALIAN FLYING CORPS, 1917–18 Reading time: 8 minutes By 1917, the men of the Australian Flying Corps’ No. 1 ...

The fall of Singapore

THE FALL OF SINGAPORE Reading time: 14 minutes Japanese Soldiers enter Singapore. The Land Campaign Nothing in history is inevitable ...

The USAAF 49th Fighter Group over Darwin: a forgotten campaign

Reading time: 4 minutes USAAF 49TH Fighter Group P-40 Kittyhawk Fighters. Darwin, 1942 The prelude to the campaign of the ...

Book Review: ‘Pacific Crucible: war at sea in the Pacific 1941–42′

Reading time: 4 minutes With ANZUS in the news at the moment, this book is a good way to understand ...

Australia’s Great War in the air

AUSTRALIA’S GREAT WAR IN THE AIR Reading time: 5 minutes In January 1911, the Australian government announced its intention to ...

1917: our costliest year at war

1917: OUR COSTLIEST YEAR AT WAR Reading time: 5 minutes A century ago, in early 1917, Australian troops had already ...

SIX of the best WORLD WAR II FILMS

SIX OF THE BEST WORLD WAR II FILMS World War II (1939-1945) was and remains the greatest conflict that humanity ...

Walking with the Diggers

WALKING WITH THE DIGGERS Reading time: 5 minutes The Centenary Commemoration of the Great War continues to unearth real treasures ...

The Coral Sea, 1942: a nation-saving battle

THE CORAL SEA, 1942: A NATION-SAVING BATTLE Reading time: 5 minutes The Battle of the Coral Sea isn’t as iconic ...
AUSTRALIAN_FORCES_IN_LEBANON,_1941

Australia’s War with France

AUSTRALIA'S WAR WITH FRANCE Reading time: 12 minutes The Nahr al-Kalb, or ‘Dog River’, meets the Mediterranean Sea just north ...

The German naval threat in the Indo-Pacific 1914–15

Reading time: 6 minutes British Navy officers approaching the wreck of the German Navy cruiser SMS Konigsberg in the Rufigi ...

Gough’s remaking of Defence policy

Reading time: 4 minutes Gough Whitlam was a physical giant with an intellect to match. His flaws were pretty sizeable, ...

Australia’s war with France: The Campaign in Syria and Lebanon, 1941 – Podcast

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The Benghazi Handicap and the Siege of Tobruk

THE BENGHAZI HANDICAP AND THE SIEGE OF TOBRUK The Benghazi handicap is the name Australian soldiers gave to their race ...

Warfare spurred on the welfare state in the 20th century – but it probably won’t in future

Reading time: 7 minutes A tank on its way to port for the Normandy landings in 1944. PA Archive The ...

Spark to Powder: Prague and the Thirty Years’ War

Reading time: 6 minutes The 30 Years’ War is remembered by few people except historians, but the conflict, which raged ...

Why we should remember the Battle of the Coral Sea

Reading time: 5 minutes The Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942 has become the touchstone for the Australian-American ...

Early Raids Of the Pacific War

Reading time: 98 minutes Less than two months after the devastating surprise attack at Pearl Harbour, the US Navy was ...

The Iranian Revolution

Reading time: 9 minutes To understand what caused the Iranian Revolution, we must first consider the ongoing conflict between proponents ...

After Jutland: the North Sea operations of 18–19 August 1916

Reading time: 5 minutes HMAS Sydney at full speed in a heavy sea off Dogger Bank. AWM. One of the ...

Remembering the bombing of Darwin

Reading time: 5 minutes The bombing of Darwin, 1942. If sometimes it seems that governments rush to appoint inquiries or ...

The Franco-British Union: Genius, or Madness Born of Desperation?

Reading time: 6 minutes When crisis strikes, one imagines members of government or heads of state stoically dealing with the ...

The evidence for the Tasmanian genocide

Reading time: 7 minutes At a public meeting in Hobart in the late 1830s, Solicitor-General Alfred Stephen, later Chief Justice ...

51 years ago: Israel won an air battle, and lost the War of Attrition

The Israel Air Force drew the Soviet expeditionary force in Egypt into a perfect, successful ambush, but pride was the ...

DISASTER AT SAVO ISLAND, 1942

Reading time: 50 minutes The Battle of Savo Island The Battle of Savo Island occurred early in the morning on ...

Remembering the Victory at Bardia

Reading time: 7 minutes Just over 80 years ago, Australian forces fought their first major battle of World War II ...

Scrap Iron Flotilla: The Royal Australian Navy at its Best

Reading time: 11 minutes To the Axis Powers, the Australian flotilla that fought in the Mediterranean during the Second World ...

Five Great Historically Accurate Films: Part Three

Reading time: 6 minutes READ PART ONE AND PART TWO By Michael Vecchio Saving Private Ryan (1998) Dir. Steven Spielberg ...

The Battle of Cape Spada: The Australian Navy Proves Its Mettle

THE BATTLE OF CAPE SPADA: THE AUSTRALIAN NAVY PROVES ITS METTLE Reading time: 9 minutes The Battle of Cape Spada ...

Imperial Overconfidence: The Anglo-Zulu War

Reading time: 8 minutes For a fine example of overconfidence during the height of British Imperialism, look no further than ...

A program for peace: The founding of the United Nations

Reading time: 6 minutes Achieving the elusive dream of “world peace”, has long been an idealist and collectivist goal for ...

Venezuela’s Fight For Independence: The Battle of Carabobo

Reading time: 6 minutes This year marks the 200th anniversary of the battle of Carabobo, a major battle in Venezuela’s ...

The Siege of Haarlem, Kenau, and Creating a Heroine

Reading time: 5 minutes The Dutch Revolt, the conflict that created an independent Netherlands free from Spain, also created a ...

WERE SOVIET TANKS DEPLOYED IN EGYPT 50 YEARS AGO?

Reading time: 6 minutes On February 3, 2018, Russian Air Force Maj. Roman Filipov’s jet was shot down while attacking ...

WA’s first governor James Stirling had links to slavery, as well as directing a massacre. Should he be honoured?

Reading time: 5 minutes Today, councillors in Perth’s City of Stirling will vote to decide whether to change their city’s ...

The Cold War Ignites: The Berlin Blockade and Airlift

Reading time: 6 minutes Once the centre of Nazi ideology and power, the German capital of Berlin was extremely important ...
Dutch Ships Sail Off a Rocky Shore

How War with Spain Created the Dutch Colonial Empire

Reading time: 8 minutes The Dutch colonial empire was a large collection of territories that spanned the globe from the ...

Constructing Oppression: The Berlin Wall and the Literal Iron Curtain

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes 60 years after its initial construction, the memory of the Berlin Wall remains a potent ...

The Two Countries That ‘Escaped’ The Scramble for Africa

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes The Scramble for Africa is often recognized as the beginning of colonialism and European Imperialism ...

‘Cheese-eating surrender monkeys’? It’s time to give the French Army the credit it deserves

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes When marking the centenary of the terrible events of 1917, some of the most devastating ...

Wounded Knee: Shame or Honour?

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes On 29 December 1890, between 150-300 Sioux Lakota men, women, and children, most of whom ...

Africa’s World War: The Congo War

Africa’s World War: The Congo War Reading time: 5 minutes 5.4 million people died in the deadliest war in modern ...

Brilliant and Flawed: The Enduring Legacy of Napoleon Bonaparte

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The 200th anniversary of his death (1821-2021) renews discussion on how the former Emperor should ...
Hudson Bombers, 1SQN RAAF

Australia’s first action in the Pacific in World War II a valiant catastrophe

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Just before midnight on 7 December 1941, Flying Officer Peter Gibbes stepped off the train ...

Leaving Afghanistan and why America doesn’t win wars

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Since World War II, the United States has lost just about every war that it ...

‘I want to scream and scream’: Australian nurses on the Western Front were also victims of war

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The revival of interest in Anzac since the 1980s has depended in part on the ...

Peter Weir’s Gallipoli 40 years on: deftly directed and still devastating

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes With the release of the first-world-war film Gallipoli in 1981, director Peter Weir could finally ...

How The Napoleonic Wars Entrenched British Rule In 19th Century South Africa

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The battles between Britain and France following the French Revolution and into the Napoleonic Wars ...

Who will have us? Jewish Refugees before WW2

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The plight of Jewish refugees after the outbreak of World War II in 1939 is ...

Hero and Villain: Robert Clive of the East India Company

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes Robert Clive, a general of the East India Company, was despised by his contemporaries – ...

Northern Ireland, born of strife 100 years ago, again erupts in political violence

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes Sectarian rioting has returned to the streets of Northern Ireland, just weeks shy of its ...

Taking back the Homeland – Ethiopian Guerrillas in World War II

Reading time: 6 minutes Guerrilla warfare played a huge role in World War II. Partisans in France, Yugoslavia, the Eastern ...

Highland Clearances: Changing a Culture

HIGHLAND CLEARANCES: CHANGING A CULTURE Reading time: 5 minutes Cultures, customs and traditions change as time passes on, but sometimes ...

Hubris and Miscalculation: The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion

HUBRIS AND MISCALCULATION: THE FAILURE OF THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Michael Vecchio The ...

Could the Charge of the Light Brigade have worked?

COULD THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE HAVE WORKED? Reading time: 6 minutes Middle East tensions. Russian soldiers in Crimea ...
Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg Gate (Image)

Remembering Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg

REMEMBERING SACHSENHAUSEN-ORANIENBURG Estimated reading time: 3 minutes By Rachel Horne. 35 kilometres north of Berlin, you will find the Nazi ...
Battle Plan of Operation Sea Lion (Map)

Deceptive Ineptitude: German Spies in WW2 Britain

DECEPTIVE INEPTITUDE: GERMAN SPIES IN WW2 BRITAIN Estimated reading time: 6 minutes Operation Lena, the German espionage operation in Britain, ...

The Somme: The German perspective

Estimated reading time: 7 minutes By Dr Robert T. Foley. How do Germans view the Battle of The Somme? This ...
First World War, tableau, men, uniform, woods, fun Fortepan 25063.jpg

The Long Tail of the First World War

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes Fallen Empires and Civil War By Caitlan Hester The popular view of the First World ...

Jutland: Why World War I’s only sea battle was so crucial to Britain’s victory

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes By Andrew Lambert, King's College London. Modern understanding of World War I is dominated by ...

Blood and Pepper: The Aceh Wars

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes The history of the Dutch East Indies is a blood-soaked tale of war and subjugation ...

How the National Guard became the go-to military force for riots and civil disturbances

Reading time: 6 minutes The Pentagon has approved leaving 5,000 troops deployed indefinitely to protect the U.S. Capitol from domestic ...

It’s time for a new museum dedicated to the fighters of the frontier wars

Estimated reading time: 19 minutes Historical research of the last 20 years has confirmed the central importance of the killing ...

Rising Sun, Complacent Bear: The Russo-Japanese War

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes The Russo-Japanese War resulted in one of Russia’s greatest military upsets, and one of Japan’s ...

A short, sharp history of the bayonet

Estimated reading time: 14 minutes By Peter Monteath, Flinders University. Even the sound of a bayonet could be frightening. The ...

Battle of 42nd Street – Anzacs Proving Germany Could be Beaten

Reading time: 5 minutes Morale can make all the difference on the battlefield. On the 27th May 1941, with the ...

Why the Legions Beat the Phalanx

Estimated reading time: 8 minutes The societies of ancient Greece and Rome valued brawn as well as brains. Philosophers fulfilled ...

Quantity Becomes a Quality All of Its Own

Estimated reading time: 11 minutes In the history of warfare, there have been mismatched conflicts where skilled forces have been ...

The Battle of Kadesh and the World’s First Peace Treaty

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes For a shining example of ancient warfare and the cause of the world's first recorded ...

The Battle for Hong Kong – London’s Lost Cause?

Reading time: 6 minutes Within 12 hours of Pearl Harbour being bombed by the Japanese at the outset of their ...

Fake News, Misinformation and Propaganda Throughout History

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Madison Moulton Fake news has become a popular buzzword. However, the phenomenon is not ...

Neutrality At All Costs: The Netherlands in WW1

Estimated reading time: 6 minutes By Fergus O'Sullivan World War 1 was a conflict that engulfed entire continents and swallowed ...

Explainer: what is radiocarbon dating and how does it work?

Rachel Wood, Australian National University Radiocarbon dating has transformed our understanding of the past 50,000 years. Professor Willard Libby produced ...

Best Historical Films 2010-2020

There may be many historically based films, but only a few can be rightfully called striking, emotional, and informative. As ...

A Period of Change: Global Events in the Lead Up to WWI

Reading time: 6 minutes The history of the lead up to WWI is undoubtedly dominated by Europe. European powers understandably ...

The History of Games: Rome 2

By Fergus O'Sullivan. Here at the History Guild we like video games, especially ones with a historical setting. Of course, ...

Five Great Historically Accurate Films

By Michael Vecchio. Most history enthusiasts will eye the release of a new film on a historical topic somewhat sceptically, ...

Five of the Most Historically Accurate PC Games

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes Plenty of video games are marketed as being historically accurate, but few truly are. In ...

‘Australia’s smallest peacekeeping force’ in the unknown prelude to the Korean War

Reading time: 4 minutes In the years leading up to the Korean War, the two future combatants were already fighting ...

Battle of One Tree Hill, Australian Frontier Wars

Battle of One Tree Hill, Australian Frontier Wars Reading time: 7 minutes The Battle of One Tree Hill in 1843 ...

Military Marine Mammals

It has recently emerged that the Russian Navy used specially trained marine mammals, probably seals, for harbour defence in Syria ...

Nike Missile Site, San Francisco

The Nike missile was one of the first successful anti-aircraft missiles, developed by Bell Labs and put into service by ...

Defences of Australia – 19th Century

Modern Australia is relatively unique in it's position occupying an entire continent, having no land borders with another country. While ...