History Guild publishes articles that provide interesting insights into history. We cover all aspects of history, from around the world and across time.

Cretan Resistance During WW2

Cretan Resistance During WW2

Reading time: 8 minutes
One of the more impressive feats of arms during the second World War was the way in which the people of Crete fought a guerrilla campaign against the German occupation force. With help from the allies, the Cretans — men, women and even children — fought a brutal and bloody campaign against the invader. In this article, we look at what happened through the eyes of some of the people who participated, Cretan, British and Australian.

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Meeting Grace O’Malley, Ireland’s pirate queen

Meeting Grace O’Malley, Ireland’s pirate queen

Reading time: 8 minutes
There are many surprising finds when one peers into the intriguing annals of piracy – none more so than the life of Grace O’Malley (Gráinne Ní Mhaille).
Born in 1530 to an Irish chieftain of the O’Malley’s of Murrisk, situated in a remote north-western corner of County Mayo, she forged a career in seafaring and piracy spanning over 40 years. Aside from this she was frequently active in regional politics and in native opposition in Connaught to encroaching English rule.

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Twelve days at Anzac: the evacuation

Twelve days at Anzac: the evacuation

Over one hundred years ago, one of the most remarkable operations in military history occurred at the Dardanelles with the evacuation in December 1915 of 83,000 Australian, New Zealand, British and Indian troops from the Gallipoli Peninsula without a single loss of life. It will, as, one contemporary German correspondent reporting from the Turkish lines exclaimed, ‘stand before the eyes of all strategists as a hitherto unattained masterpiece’.

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Who were we fighting at Gallipoli?

Who were we fighting at Gallipoli?

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes In the annual discussion of the Gallipoli campaign Australians are subjected to a variety of hyperbole and parable as commentators and reporters offer up the same old chestnuts for want of something else to say. That at Anzac Cove...

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Lemnos and Gallipoli Revealed – Podcast

Lemnos and Gallipoli Revealed – Podcast

Over the course of 1915, most of the 50,000 Australian personnel who served at Gallipoli passed through the island of Lemnos. Centring his attention on the Australian experience of the island, historian Jim Claven shares unique and humanising insights into the Gallipoli campaign.

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Putin’s brazen manipulation of language is a perfect example of Orwellian doublespeak

Putin’s brazen manipulation of language is a perfect example of Orwellian doublespeak

Reading time: 6 minutes
If you’ve been paying attention to how Russian President Vladimir Putin talks about the war in Ukraine, you may have noticed a pattern. Putin often uses words to mean exactly the opposite of what they normally do.
He labels acts of war “peacekeeping duties.”
He claims to be engaging in “denazification” of Ukraine while seeking to overthrow or even kill Ukraine’s Jewish president, who is the grandson of a Holocaust survivor.

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AUSTRALIAN VC’S IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, WW2 – VIDEO

AUSTRALIAN VC’S IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, WW2 – VIDEO

There were six Australian VC recipients during the Mediterranean and North African Campaigns of the second world war. From the heroics of Lt. Roden Cutler in Damour, Corporal Edmondson of the Desert Rats defending Tobruk in 1941 to Sgt. Kibby with his tommy-gun in El Alamein. Learn more about Australian gallantry in the Deserts of North Africa.

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When Australia Fought France, WW2 – Video

When Australia Fought France, WW2 – Video

Operation Exporter was a little known, but very important campaign for the Australian military. It involved Australian’s fighting a strange war against confused Frenchmen who were not supposed to be our enemy. France had been defeated and subjugated by the Germans. The new French government, installed at Vichy, was answerable to the Führer. With France vanquished, the fate of their territories in Syria and Lebanon became uncertain.

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ABUSE AND TENACITY: UKRAINE’S STRUGGLE FOR AUTONOMY

ABUSE AND TENACITY: UKRAINE’S STRUGGLE FOR AUTONOMY

Reading time: 10 minutes
The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine has rightfully outraged and shocked much of the world; a war of aggression from one nation to another, this attack and occupation has been the largest such incursion into a foreign land since the Second World War. Indeed it has also created the displacement of nearly 4 million Ukrainians, leading to Europe’s greatest refugee crisis in 80 years.

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3 Squadron RAAF – Podcast

3 Squadron RAAF – Podcast

As the Allied armies fought across North Africa, first against the Italians and then the Vichy French and Rommel’s Afrika Korps, one squadron of the RAAF was there from the beginning. No. 3 Squadron was the first RAAF squadron to leave Australia and played an important part in many of the important battles from 1940 to 1943 across North Africa, Tunisia and Sicily.

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Tobruk – Podcast

Tobruk – Podcast

Tobruk was one of the greatest Allied victories – and one of the worst Allied defeats – of the Second World War.

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The Mafia, The Godfather, and the Hollywood romance

The Mafia, The Godfather, and the Hollywood romance

Reading time: 8 minutes
The Godfather. Perhaps one of the greatest films and franchises of all time; March 24, 2022, will mark the 50th anniversary of the film’s theatrical release, which is a number that in ways seems both large and small. Large from the perspective that it has already been five decades since it shook the cinematic world, yet small in that a film of such importance and influence was released in the backyard of our modern history: 1972.

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REEL OR UNREAL HISTORY

REEL OR UNREAL HISTORY

Reading time: 5 minutes
Long before “fake news” wedged itself into American vernacular, “fake” or “engineered” news on film had a powerful influence on democracy and world regimes. A few years ago, one of my history students observed that a film reel of Teddy Roosevelt from the 1915 Panama–California Exposition was shockingly authentic. After viewing the reel, my student reflected on how useful it was to see the world “exactly” as it was lived in history. This response gave me pause. Had I done enough to introduce the reel and complicate it as a primary source? My student accepted the moving images on the screen as pure historical truth. This reflection helped me realize I was missing an opportunity to use newsreels as a teaching tool to engage critical analysis and media literacy in my history classroom.

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B.C. FRANKLIN AND THE TULSA MASSACRE

B.C. FRANKLIN AND THE TULSA MASSACRE

Reading time: 5 minutes
On May 31, 1921, Buck Colbert Franklin peered up at the Tulsa, Oklahoma, sky and saw planes dropping turpentine bombs onto the roofs of nearby homes and businesses. On the street around him, he watched Black women, men, and children being felled by the guns of their white neighbors. Under the guise of extracting retribution for a Black teenager’s supposed assault on a white woman a day before, white Tulsans strategically destroyed the physical manifestations of their Black neighbors’ success.

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Why January 6 Was Not Like a Banana Republic

Why January 6 Was Not Like a Banana Republic

Reading time: 5 minutes
After the January 6 insurrection, many observers, including former US presidents, current legislators, pundits, journalists, and editorial writers invoked the mob violence and bloody mayhem as the usual political culture of so-called “banana republics.” Although it is an easy comparison to make, Latin Americanists found this galling, because the term refers to a specific economic and political trope created by and in service to US interests. Using the phrase banana republic to describe any attempted coup or insurrection draws on a century of stereotypes about Latin America created by the US to serve US interests. As a description of the events of January 6, the comparison lacked both subtlety and accuracy.

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The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought

The Battle for Crete: Hard Fought

Reading time: 8 minutes
Wherever they fought in the Second World War, Australian troops acquitted themselves well. They escaped the clutches of the Afrika Korps in the Benghazi handicap and soon after helped hold back Rommel at the second battle of El Alamein. Even certain defeat couldn’t stop Australian troops, like in Crete, where they and their New Zealand counterparts fought a rearguard action that delayed the German war effort considerably.

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General History Quiz 111

1. The Rum Rebellion of 1808 saw the removal of Governor William Bligh from power. Where did this take place?
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General History Quiz 110

1. In which year was a Tennessee science teacher prosecuted for teaching his students about evolution?
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General History Quiz 109

1. The bombing of Guernica was part of which conflict?
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General History Quiz 108

1. What almost lead to Apollo 11 aborting their moon landing?
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General History Quiz 107

1. What does the Gurka’s famous battle cry ‘Ayo Gurkhali!’ translate to?
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General History Quiz 106

1. The Minoan civilisation was based in which region?
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Australians in the Mediterranean during WW2 Quiz

1. Australian soldiers first saw action in WW2 during which battle?
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General History Quiz 105

1. Which country invaded Ethiopia in 1895 and 1935?
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General History Quiz 104

1. The siege of Kohima was part of which conflict?
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General History Quiz 103

1. Which British monarch accepted Magna Carta?
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