Researchers have generally thought that only prehistoric males hunted, however a recent publication in Science Advances disputes this notion.

Big-game hunting is an overwhelmingly male-biased behavior among recent hunter-gatherer societies. Such observations would seem to suggest that this gendered behavioral pattern is an ancestral one, ostensibly stemming from life history traits related to pregnancy and child care, which constrain female subsistence opportunities.

However this paper by Randy Haas from UC Davis reviewed previously studied burials throughout the Americas, and it revealed that between 30 and 50 percent of big game hunters could have been biologically female.

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